Shahih Bukhari : Book of Revelation ( كتاب بدء الوحى – Kitab Permulaan Wahyu)


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Book of Revelation ( كتاب بدء الوحى – Kitab Permulaan Wahyu)

Shahih al-Bukhari :

Shahih al-Bukhari is a collection of hadith compiled by Imam Muhammad al-Bukhari (d. 256 AH/870 AD) (rahimahullah). His collection is recognized by the overwhelming majority of the Muslim world to be the most authentic collection of reports of the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad. 

Al-Bukhari traveled widely throughout the Abbasid empire from the age of 16, collecting those traditions he thought trustworthy. It is said that al-Bukhari collected over 300,000 hadith and included only 2,602 traditions in his Shahih. At the time when Bukhari saw [the earlier] works and conveyed them, he found them, in their presentation, combining between what would be considered sahih and hasan and that many of them included daʻīf hadith. This aroused his interest in compiling hadith whose authenticity was beyond doubt. What further strengthened his resolve was something his teacher, hadith scholar Ishaq ibn Ibrahim al-Hanthalee – better known as Ishaq Ibn Rahwayh – had said.

Muhammad ibn Ismaa’eel al-Bukhari said, “We were with Ishaq Ibn Rahwayh who said, ‘If only you would compile a book of only authentic narrations of the Prophet.’ This suggestion remained in my heart so I began compiling the Sahih.” Bukhari also said, “I saw the Prophet in a dream and it was as if I was standing in front of him. In my hand was a fan with which I was protecting him. I asked some dream interpreters, who said to me, ‘You will protect him from lies.’ This is what compelled me to produce the Sahih.”

The book covers almost all aspects of life in providing proper guidance of Islam such as the method of performing prayers and other actions of worship directly from the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Bukhari finished his work around 846, and spent the last twenty-four years of his life visiting other cities and scholars, teaching the hadith he had collected. In every city that he visited, thousands of people would gather in the main mosque to listen to him recite traditions.

In reply to Western academic doubts as to the actual date and authorship of the book that bears his name, scholars point out that notable hadith scholars of that time, such as Ahmad ibn Hanbal (855 CE/241 AH), Yahya ibn Ma’in (847 CE/233 AH), and Ali ibn al-Madini (848 CE/234 AH), accepted the authenticity of his book and that the collection’s immediate fame makes it unlikely that it could have been revised after the author’s death without historical record.

During this period of twenty-four years, Bukhari made minor revisions to his book, notably the chapter headings. Each version is named by its narrator. According to Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani in his book Nukat, the number of hadiths in all versions is the same. The most famous one today is the version narrated by al-Firabri (d. 932 CE/320 AH), a trusted student of Bukhari. Al-Khatib al-Baghdadi in his book History of Baghdad quoted Firabri as saying: “About seventy thousand people heard Sahih Bukhari with me”.

Firabri is not the only transmitter of Sahih al-Bukhari. There were many others that narrated that book to later generations, such as Ibrahim ibn Ma’qal (d. 907 CE/295 AH), Hammad ibn Shaker (d. 923 CE/311 AH), Mansur Burduzi (d. 931 CE/319 AH) and Husain Mahamili (d. 941 CE/330 AH). There are many books that noted differences between these versions, the best known being Fath al-Bari. (Source : sunnah.comwikipedia)

Content of Shahih Bukhari ( صحيح البخاري )

01. Revelation كتاب بدء الوحى
02. Belief كتاب الإيمان
03. Knowledge كتاب العلم
04. Ablutions (Wudu’) كتاب الوضوء
05. Bathing (Ghusl) كتاب الغسل
06. Menstrual Periods كتاب الحيض 
07. Rubbing hands and feet with dust (Tayammum) كتاب التيمم
08. Prayers (Salat) كتاب الصلاة 
09. Times of the Prayers كتاب مواقيت الصلاة
10. Call to Prayers (Adhaan) كتاب الأذان
11. Friday Prayer كتاب الجمعة
12. Fear Prayer كتاب صلاة الخوف
13. The Two Festivals (Eids) كتاب العيدين
14. Witr Prayer كتاب الوتر
15. Invoking Allah for Rain (Istisqaa) كتاب الاستسقاء
16. Eclipses كتاب الكسوف
17. Prostration During Recital of Qur’an كتاب سجود القرآن
18. Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) كتاب التقصير
19. Prayer at Night (Tahajjud) كتاب التهجد
20. Virtues of Prayer at Masjid Makkah and Madinah كتاب فضل الصلاة فى مسجد مكة والمدينة
21. Actions while Praying كتاب العمل فى الصلاة
22. Forgetfulness in Prayer كتاب السهو
23. Funerals (Al-Janaa’iz) كتاب الجنائز
24. Obligatory Charity Tax (Zakat) كتاب الزكاة
25. Hajj (Pilgrimage) كتاب الحج
26.`Umrah (Minor pilgrimage) كتاب العمرة
27. Pilgrims Prevented from Completing the Pilgrimage كتاب المحصر
28. Penalty of Hunting while on Pilgrimage كتاب جزاء الصيد
29. Virtues of Madinah كتاب فضائل المدينة
30. Fasting كتاب الصوم
31. Praying at Night in Ramadaan (Taraweeh) كتاب صلاة التراويح
32. Virtues of the Night of Qadr كتاب فضل ليلة القدر
33. Retiring to a Mosque for Remembrance of Allah (I’tikaf) كتاب الاعتكاف
34. Sales and Trade كتاب البيوع
35. Sales in which a Price is paid for Goods to be Delivered Later (As-Salam) كتاب السلم
36. Shuf’a كتاب الشفعة
37. Hiring كتاب الإجارة
38. Transferance of a Debt from One Person to Another (Al-Hawaala) كتاب الحوالات
39. Kafalah كتاب الكفالة
40. Representation, Authorization, Business by Proxy كتاب الوكالة
41. Agriculture كتاب المزارعة
42. Distribution of Water كتاب المساقاة
43. Loans, Payment of Loans, Freezing of Property, Bankruptcy كتاب فى الاستقراض
44. Khusoomaat كتاب الخصومات
45. Lost Things Picked up by Someone (Luqatah) كتاب فى اللقطة
46. Oppressions كتاب المظالم
47. Partnership كتاب الشركة
48. Mortgaging كتاب الرهن
49. Manumission of Slaves كتاب العتق
50. Makaatib كتاب المكاتب
51. Gifts كتاب الهبة وفضلها والتحريض عليها
52. Witnesses كتاب الشهادات
53. Peacemaking كتاب الصلح
54. Conditions كتاب الشروط
55. Wills and Testaments (Wasaayaa) كتاب الوصايا
56. Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihaad) كتاب الجهاد والسير
57. One-fifth of Booty to the Cause of Allah (Khumus) كتاب فرض الخمس
58. Jizyah and Mawaada’ah كتاب الجزية والموادعة
59. Beginning of Creation كتاب بدء الخلق
60. Prophets كتاب أحاديث الأنبياء
61. Virtues and Merits of the Prophet (pbuh) and his Companions كتاب المناقب
62. Companions of the Prophet كتاب فضائل أصحاب النبى صلى الله عليه وسلم
63. Merits of the Helpers in Madinah (Ansaar) كتاب مناقب الأنصار
64. Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (pbuh) (Al-Maghaazi) كتاب المغازى
65. Prophetic Commentary on the Qur’an (Tafseer of the Prophet (pbuh)) كتاب التفسير
66. Virtues of the Qur’an كتاب فضائل القرآن
67. Wedlock, Marriage (Nikaah) كتاب النكاح
68. Divorce كتاب الطلاق
69. Supporting the Family كتاب النفقات
70. Food, Meals كتاب الأطعمة
71. Sacrifice on Occasion of Birth (`Aqiqa) كتاب العقيقة
72. Hunting, Slaughtering كتاب الذبائح والصيد
73. Al-Adha Festival Sacrifice (Adaahi) كتاب الأضاحي
74. Drinks كتاب الأشربة
75. Patients كتاب المرضى
76. Medicine كتاب الطب
77. Dress كتاب اللباس
78. Good Manners and Form (Al-Adab) كتاب الأدب
79. Asking Permission كتاب الاستئذان
80. Invocations كتاب الدعوات
81. To make the Heart Tender (Ar-Riqaq) كتاب الرقاق
82. Divine Will (Al-Qadar) كتاب القدر
83. Oaths and Vows كتاب الأيمان والنذور
84. Expiation for Unfulfilled Oaths كتاب كفارات الأيمان
85. Laws of Inheritance (Al-Faraa’id) كتاب الفرائض
86. Limits and Punishments set by Allah (Hudood) كتاب الحدود
87. Blood Money (Ad-Diyat) كتاب الديات
88. Apostates كتاب استتابة المرتدين والمعاندين وقتالهم
89. (Statements made under) Coercion كتاب الإكراه
90. Tricks كتاب الحيل
91. Interpretation of Dreams كتاب التعبير
92. Afflictions and the End of the World كتاب الفتن
93. Judgments (Ahkaam) كتاب الأحكام
94. Wishes كتاب التمنى
95. Accepting Information Given by a Truthful Person كتاب أخبار الآحاد
96. Holding Fast to the Qur’an and Sunnah كتاب الاعتصام بالكتاب والسنة
97. Oneness, Uniqueness of Allah (Tawheed) كتاب التوحيد
 
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